Welcome to Parents Active for Vision Education (P.A.V.E.)


Parents Active for Vision Education P.A.V.E.® After P.A.V.E.® was founded by Marjie Thompson, it grew nationally by the reciprocal support of parents and teachers with children in their homes and classrooms who had suffered the effects of undiagnosed vision problems. After years of searching for answers to their children’s learning problems, their children were finally diagnosed and successfully […]

Project "10,000" Success Stories


P.A.V.E.® has had the wonderful privilege of being a resource to thousands of individuals who benefited from behavioral optometry. What keeps us motivated to fulfill our mission is the stories we hear every day about how we helped those individuals that were diagnosed as having visual issues that ultimately affected their learning.P.A.V.E.® ‘s goal is […]

Stress Reduction


There is an intimate relationship between posture, working distance, desk surface and lenses. Pioneering experiments by Dr. Darrel Boyd Harmon and subsequent research by Drs. John Pierce and Steven Greenspan clearly prove a reduction of stress and improved performance when conditions are arranged properly for near-point visual activities. The following changes were observed: reduced heart […]

What Should You Ask Your Doctor?

Why can a child who is having difficulty in school be screened at school and told their vision is fine, go to an ophthalmologist or optometrist and be told there is nothing wrong, but go to another optometrist another time and be told they have significant visual problems? It is important to be tested for […]

Attention Deficits – A Developmental Approach


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is being diagnosed with increasing frequency in both children and adults. Many of these individuals were previously labeled hyperactive or minimally brain damaged. It is estimated that over one million people presently have this disorder. The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical (Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), published […]

Do You Have a Vision Problem?

Self-Assessment Check List This Self-Assessment Checklist Can Reveal Vision Difficulties Your visual system can undergo tremendous stress these days. Students now read three times the number of textbooks their grandparents did. Adults constantly use their near vision at their work. And the growing use of computers has engaged a growing number of workers in prolonged, […]

Symptoms of Vision Problems

The following symptoms may indicate that YOU or your CHILD has a VISION PROBLEM: PHYSICAL CLUES Red, sore, or itching eyes Jerky eye movements, one eye turns in or out Squinting, eye rubbing, or excessive blinking Blurred or double vision Headaches, dizziness, or nausea after reading Head tilting, closing or blocking one eye when reading […]


What does your optometrist mean when he or she says you are seeing “20/20”?  It means that when standing at a distance of 20 feet from the eye chart, you can see the same row of letters that the average person can see at this distance. It is a measure of the sharpness of sight, […]

Do I or Someone I Know Have A Vision Problem?

It is currently estimated that 1 out of 4 school age children and 7 out of 10 juvenile offenders suffer with undiagnosed vision problems that effect performance in school and in life. According to the American Foundation for Vision Awareness, vision disorders are the fourth most common disability in the United States and the most […]

Is Vision Therapy "Worth It?"

I had an interesting conversation today with a mother from Pennsylvania. Her daughter has been struggling in school for some time, and after a vision exam has been diagnosed with a “visual issue”. The doctor — who I know first hand to have an excellent reputation –recommended 6 months of Vision Therapy. It was evident […]

Welcome Back!

Hello All, Welcome to our NEW President’s blog.  This blog has been created for you as parents to discuss your child’s situation with other parents.  So many times I am asked about the costs of Vision Therapy, defeating insurance companies, realistic outcomes after treatment, and so on.  My best resources for answering these questions are […]

Vision Therapy and Insurance Companies

The predominant question lately seems to revolve around getting insurance companies to pay for Vision Therapy. Below is an excerpt from an email we received recently, followed by my response. QUESTION: I have 9 year old son, who was diagnosed with convergence problem by an Optometrist in our area. I tried to find out if […]

Optometry vs. Opthamology

I am always fielding questions about the difference between Behavioral Optometrists and Pediatric Opthamologists.  In fact, I spend much of my day “defending” Optometry from the relentless attack on Vision Therapy’s credibility launched by most Opthamologists.  While I personally understand the arguement — and side with Optometry —  it is important to PAVE that you understand the differences […]

Vision Therapy

My name is Robert Nurisio and I was elected as National President of P.A.V.E. in January 2007.  I became a Vision Therapist in 1998 and have worked in Vision Therapy practices in San Francisco, CA,  San Diego, CA, and Magnolia, TX  In my time as a therapist, I have been involved with patient care, coordinated seminars for several […]

Undetected Vision Problems – The Hidden Disability

Can a bright child do poorly in reading, writing, spelling, math? Can a bright child have low self-esteem and feel he/she is “stupid” and disappointing to parents and teachers? Can a bright child spend hours struggling to complete school assignments? Can a bright child be smart in everything but school? YES … If the child […]